Sources: 42 C.F.R. § 1001.952(a)(2) and 42 C.F.R. § 1001.952(a)(3)
4. Group Purchasing Organizations (GPO)
Statutory exception, plus a regulatory safe harbor if both of the following standards are met:
written agreement with GPO fees fixed or capped at 3%; and
GPO must disclose in writing at least annually the amount received from each vendor.